US Dollar sees mild gains ahead of Fed's Beige Book

Source Fxstreet
Apr 17, 2024 16:44
  • The DXY Index is recording mild gains, hitting a high since early November at 106.1.
  • Investors are focusing on Fed Chair Powell's hawkish stance and US Treasury yields at multi-month highs.
  • The Fed’s Beige books, set to be released later in the session, will be closely watched.

The US Dollar Index (DXY) stands at 106.10, showing mild gains. The shift in the index's trend appears influenced by several factors including strong growth and persistent inflation in the US, as well as increased hawkishness from Federal Reserve (Fed) officials.

The US economy is seeing sticky inflation and robust growth. Fed Chair Powell's hawkish stance shows that instead of another rate hike, the Fed favors market tightening through higher yields and wider spreads, which strengthens the USD. However, with financial conditions still loose, further tightening is required and Powell commented on Tuesday that the monetary policy may need additional time to work.

Daily digest market movers: DXY holds its ground on hawkish Fed bets

  • Federal Reserve Chair Powell was seen hawkish on Tuesday and warned that there is little progress on inflation. He also stated that the bank remains data-dependent.
  • The possibility of a rate cut in the next meeting in June stands at around 15%, a huge drop compared to the previous week's 60%. Also, the chances for a July rate cut have fallen below 50%.
  • The first-rate cut is expected to take place in September with a 95% probability, followed by another in December at a 70% probability.
  • The US Treasury yields for the 2-year, 5-year and 10-year Treasury bonds are currently standing at 4.93%, 4.63% and 4.61%, respectively, down on the day. Despite the recent decrease, the 2-year and 10-year yields are at their highest since November.

DXY technical analysis: DXY displays bulls' stronghold despite overbought conditions.

On the daily chart, the Relative Strength Index (RSI) continues exhibiting overbought conditions, hinting at an upcoming correction or consolidation phase. The Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) shows decreasing green bars, implying that the buying momentum is losing steam and that the bears may soon take charge.

However, the pair is comfortably positioned above its 20, 100 and 200-day Simple Moving Averages (SMAs), indicating the bulls' dominance in the current scenario. This suggests a positive medium to long-term outlook, with the bulls defending their ground despite the technical indicators pointing toward a short-term bearish influence.

 

US Dollar FAQs

The US Dollar (USD) is the official currency of the United States of America, and the ‘de facto’ currency of a significant number of other countries where it is found in circulation alongside local notes. It is the most heavily traded currency in the world, accounting for over 88% of all global foreign exchange turnover, or an average of $6.6 trillion in transactions per day, according to data from 2022. Following the second world war, the USD took over from the British Pound as the world’s reserve currency. For most of its history, the US Dollar was backed by Gold, until the Bretton Woods Agreement in 1971 when the Gold Standard went away.

The most important single factor impacting on the value of the US Dollar is monetary policy, which is shaped by the Federal Reserve (Fed). The Fed has two mandates: to achieve price stability (control inflation) and foster full employment. Its primary tool to achieve these two goals is by adjusting interest rates. When prices are rising too quickly and inflation is above the Fed’s 2% target, the Fed will raise rates, which helps the USD value. When inflation falls below 2% or the Unemployment Rate is too high, the Fed may lower interest rates, which weighs on the Greenback.

In extreme situations, the Federal Reserve can also print more Dollars and enact quantitative easing (QE). QE is the process by which the Fed substantially increases the flow of credit in a stuck financial system. It is a non-standard policy measure used when credit has dried up because banks will not lend to each other (out of the fear of counterparty default). It is a last resort when simply lowering interest rates is unlikely to achieve the necessary result. It was the Fed’s weapon of choice to combat the credit crunch that occurred during the Great Financial Crisis in 2008. It involves the Fed printing more Dollars and using them to buy US government bonds predominantly from financial institutions. QE usually leads to a weaker US Dollar.

Quantitative tightening (QT) is the reverse process whereby the Federal Reserve stops buying bonds from financial institutions and does not reinvest the principal from the bonds it holds maturing in new purchases. It is usually positive for the US Dollar.

 

Disclaimer: For information purposes only. Past performance is not indicative of future results.
placeholder
Dow Jones Industrial Average on the flat side but looking for higher ground in thin Monday tradingThe Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) managed to gain some ground in today's quiet trading session, following the volatility caused by last week’s Nonfarm Payrolls (NFP) report.
Source  Fxstreet
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) managed to gain some ground in today's quiet trading session, following the volatility caused by last week’s Nonfarm Payrolls (NFP) report.
placeholder
US Dollar looks bleak ahead of US GDP and Jobless ClaimsThe US Dollar (USD) is receiving another hit on Thursday and doesn’t seem to need much more to fall against the canvas with a KO.
Source  Fxstreet
The US Dollar (USD) is receiving another hit on Thursday and doesn’t seem to need much more to fall against the canvas with a KO.
placeholder
Dow Jones Industrial Average advances with geopolitical concerns weighing risk appetite Dow Jones index ticks up after upbeat US Retail Sales with Middle East tensions limiting gains.
Source  Fxstreet
Dow Jones index ticks up after upbeat US Retail Sales with Middle East tensions limiting gains.
goTop
quote