Gold price (XAU/USD) continues to advance amid the escalating Middle East crisis as US President Joe Biden has pledged to retaliate for unmanned aerial drone attacks on US service personnel near northeastern Jordan, near the Syrian border. Still, the precious metal could turn sideways as investors await the interest rate decision by the Federal Reserve (Fed), which will be announced on Wednesday.
Traders see the Fed holding interest rates in the range of 5.25%-5.50% amid consistently easing price pressures. Investors will focus on the timing at which Fed policymakers are comfortable for commencing the rate-cut campaign. The Fed is not confident yet that underlying inflation will sustainably return to 2% due to strong labor demand, robust Retail Sales, and a broadly upbeat economic outlook.
This week, investors will remain busy as various economic indicators from the US are lined-up for release. The ADP Employment Change will be released on Wednesday, just before the Fed’s policy announcement. These will be followed by the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) Manufacturing PMI on Thursday and Nonfarm Payrolls (NFP) data on Friday.
Gold price rises to near $2,040, supported by geopolitical tensions. The precious metal has strengthened after delivering a breakout of the Symmetrical Triangle chart pattern formed on a daily time frame. A breakout of the aforementioned chart pattern indicates a volatility expansion, which results in wider ticks and heavy volume. The near-term appeal has turned bullish as price is sustaining strongly above the 20-day Exponential Moving Average (EMA).
However, the 14-period Relative Strength Index (RSI) oscillates in the 40.00-60.00 area, which indicates that momentum is weak.
Gold has played a key role in human’s history as it has been widely used as a store of value and medium of exchange. Currently, apart from its shine and usage for jewelry, the precious metal is widely seen as a safe-haven asset, meaning that it is considered a good investment during turbulent times. Gold is also widely seen as a hedge against inflation and against depreciating currencies as it doesn’t rely on any specific issuer or government.
Central banks are the biggest Gold holders. In their aim to support their currencies in turbulent times, central banks tend to diversify their reserves and buy Gold to improve the perceived strength of the economy and the currency. High Gold reserves can be a source of trust for a country’s solvency. Central banks added 1,136 tonnes of Gold worth around $70 billion to their reserves in 2022, according to data from the World Gold Council. This is the highest yearly purchase since records began. Central banks from emerging economies such as China, India and Turkey are quickly increasing their Gold reserves.
Gold has an inverse correlation with the US Dollar and US Treasuries, which are both major reserve and safe-haven assets. When the Dollar depreciates, Gold tends to rise, enabling investors and central banks to diversify their assets in turbulent times. Gold is also inversely correlated with risk assets. A rally in the stock market tends to weaken Gold price, while sell-offs in riskier markets tend to favor the precious metal.
The price can move due to a wide range of factors. Geopolitical instability or fears of a deep recession can quickly make Gold price escalate due to its safe-haven status. As a yield-less asset, Gold tends to rise with lower interest rates, while higher cost of money usually weighs down on the yellow metal. Still, most moves depend on how the US Dollar (USD) behaves as the asset is priced in dollars (XAU/USD). A strong Dollar tends to keep the price of Gold controlled, whereas a weaker Dollar is likely to push Gold prices up.