Mexican Peso rallies as President-elect Sheinbaum’s cabinet picks boost investor confidence

Source Fxstreet
Jun 21, 2024 17:33
  • Mexican Peso strengthens for second consecutive day as USD/MXN drops close to 1%.
  • Positive market reaction comes in response to choice of Marcelo Ebrard as economy minister.
  • Banxico expected to hold rates unchanged amid inflation concerns and recent Peso depreciation.

The Mexican Peso rallied for the second straight day against the US Dollar on Friday after President-elect Claudia Sheinbaum revealed the first members of the cabinet on Thursday, which were cheered by investors. In the meantime, traders brace for next week’s Bank of Mexico (Banxico) monetary policy decision, which is expected to hold rates unchanged. The USD/MXN trades at 18.21, down 0.80%.

Mexico’s President-elect Sheinbaum revealed on Thursday the first six cabinet members to take office on October 1. She named Marcelo Ebrard as economy minister and Juan Ramon de la Fuente as foreign minister. Traders saw these appointments as positive since Ebrard will oversee the USMCA free trade agreement review.

Data-wise, the Mexican economic docket featured Economic Activity, which plunged in April, as shown by monthly figures. In the twelve months to April, it exceeded estimates.

In the meantime, most analysts estimate Banxico will keep rates unchanged after the 6.95% depreciation of the Mexican Peso following the June 2 general election. The consensus was expecting a 25-basis-point cut on June 27, though not unanimously, as Deputy Governors Jonathan Heath and Irene Espinosa expressed that inflation risks were skewed to the upside.

Across the border, June S&P Global Flash PMIs exceeded estimates, a sign of economic robustness. Nevertheless, the latest Existing Home Sales data suggests the housing market continues to cool down.

Daily digest market movers: Mexican Peso advances after mixed economic activity data

  • Mexico’s April Economic Activity plunged -0.6% MoM, deeper than the expected -0.3% contraction. On an annual basis, Economic Activity expanded by 5.4%, up from -1.3%, and exceeded the consensus of 3.8%.
  • Citibanamex Survey showed that most analysts estimate Banxico’s next rate cut will come at the August 8 meeting and that interest rates will be lowered from 11.00% to 10.25%, up from 10%.
  • According to the poll, economists estimate inflation to finish 2024 down at 4.27%, core inflation at 4.02%, and the USD/MXN exchange rate at 18.70.
  • USD/MXN stabilizes following last week’s verbal intervention by Banxico Governor Victoria Rodriguez Ceja, who said the central bank is attentive to volatility in the Mexican currency exchange rate and could act to restore “order” in markets.
  • S&P Global Manufacturing and Services Flash PMIs in June expanded above estimates. Manufacturing PMI came at 51.7, up from 51.3 and the estimate of 51. The Services PMI jumped from 54.8 to 55.1 and was above forecasts of 53.7.
  • US Existing Home Sales in May were lower than expected at 4.11 million from 4.14 million in April, a contraction of -0.7%.
  • CME FedWatch Tool shows odds for a 25-basis-point Fed rate cut at 59.5%, up from 57.5% on Thursday.

Technical analysis: Mexican Peso climbs as USD/MXN falls below 18.30

The USD/MXN is upwardly biased as a Golden Cross emerged two days ago, but today’s dip below 18.30 has opened the door for a pullback with bears eyeing the 18.00 psychological level. At the time of writing, momentum favors sellers as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) almost vertically falls toward the 50-neutral line.

That said, the USD/MXN first support would be the 18.00 figure. Once cleared, the next stop would be the 50-day Simple Moving Average (SMA) at 17.29, ahead of the 200-day SMA at 17.23.

For a bullish continuation, the USD/MXN must clear 18.50 if buyers want to retest the year-to-date high of 18.99. A breach of the latter will expose the March 20, 2023, high of 19.23. If that price is cleared, this will sponsor an uptick to 19.50.

Mexican Peso FAQs

The Mexican Peso (MXN) is the most traded currency among its Latin American peers. Its value is broadly determined by the performance of the Mexican economy, the country’s central bank’s policy, the amount of foreign investment in the country and even the levels of remittances sent by Mexicans who live abroad, particularly in the United States. Geopolitical trends can also move MXN: for example, the process of nearshoring – or the decision by some firms to relocate manufacturing capacity and supply chains closer to their home countries – is also seen as a catalyst for the Mexican currency as the country is considered a key manufacturing hub in the American continent. Another catalyst for MXN is Oil prices as Mexico is a key exporter of the commodity.

The main objective of Mexico’s central bank, also known as Banxico, is to maintain inflation at low and stable levels (at or close to its target of 3%, the midpoint in a tolerance band of between 2% and 4%). To this end, the bank sets an appropriate level of interest rates. When inflation is too high, Banxico will attempt to tame it by raising interest rates, making it more expensive for households and businesses to borrow money, thus cooling demand and the overall economy. Higher interest rates are generally positive for the Mexican Peso (MXN) as they lead to higher yields, making the country a more attractive place for investors. On the contrary, lower interest rates tend to weaken MXN.

Macroeconomic data releases are key to assess the state of the economy and can have an impact on the Mexican Peso (MXN) valuation. A strong Mexican economy, based on high economic growth, low unemployment and high confidence is good for MXN. Not only does it attract more foreign investment but it may encourage the Bank of Mexico (Banxico) to increase interest rates, particularly if this strength comes together with elevated inflation. However, if economic data is weak, MXN is likely to depreciate.

As an emerging-market currency, the Mexican Peso (MXN) tends to strive during risk-on periods, or when investors perceive that broader market risks are low and thus are eager to engage with investments that carry a higher risk. Conversely, MXN tends to weaken at times of market turbulence or economic uncertainty as investors tend to sell higher-risk assets and flee to the more-stable safe havens.

 

Disclaimer: For information purposes only. Past performance is not indicative of future results.
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