US Dollar trades in the green as market sentiment turns sour

Source Fxstreet
May 29, 2024 11:45
  • The US Dollar recovers initial weekly losses as market sentiment worsens on Wednesday. 
  • Markets are licking their wounds, with most equity indices in the red across the globe. 
  • The US Dollar Index jumps sharply back above 104.50. 

The US Dollar (USD) extends its recovery on  Wednesday, supported by comments from the Federal Reserve (Fed) Bank of Minneapolis President Neel Kashkari, who spooked markets on Tuesday. Kashkari suggested that a rate hike could still be a possibility this year. Markets ignored that Kashkari is a non-voter this year and can thus speak a little bit more freely and personally, together with his closing remark that he does not see a hike as a possible outcome for now. 

On the economic data front, Wednesday’s focus is on the Richmond Fed Manufacturing index for May. Markets have already seen the Dallas Fed Manufacturing number sink further to -19.4 in May from -14.5. Another lower-than-expected Manufacturing Index could mean more easing ahead for the Greenback, with markets rejecting completely the rate hike possibility from Kashkari. 

Daily digest market movers: Manufacturing starts to wobble

  • At 11:00 GMT, the Mortgage Applications got released by the Mortgage Bankers Association for the week of May 24. The previous week’s data was a positive 1.9% with a firm contraction this week by 5.7%.
  • At 12:55 GMT, the Redbook Index for the week of May 24 will come out. The previous week’s reading was at 5.5%.
  • At 14:00 GMT, the Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index for May will be released. The previous reading was -7, with a smaller improvement to -2 expected. As mentioned above, the importance of this number has been lined out with the chunky contraction seen on Tuesday in the Dallas Fed Manufacturing data. 
  • The US Treasury is set to auction a 7-year Note around 17:00 GMT. 
  • Federal Reserve Bank of New York President John Williams participates in a roundtable with local leaders about community services at an event organized by the Development Authority of the North Country in Watertown. Comments are expected around 17:45 GMT. 
  • The Fed’s Beige Book is to be released at 18:00 GMT.
  • At 23:00 GMT, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta President Raphael Bostic participates in a moderated conversation about leadership and the US economic outlook at the Thirteenth Annual AEA Conference on Teaching and Research in Economic Education.
  • Both in the Asian-Pacific and the European session, the main equity indices are in the red. However, losses in Europe remain contained to an average of 0.50%.
  • According to the CME Fedwatch Tool, Fed Fund futures pricing data suggests a 53.7% chance for keeping rates unchanged in September, against 41.7% chance for a 25 basis points (bps) rate cut and 4.1% chance for an even 50 bps rate cut. A marginal 0.5% price in an interest rate hike, and it has not really increased in odds despite Fed’s Kashkari comments.
  • The benchmark 10-year US Treasury Note trades around 4.56% and peaks for this week. 

US Dollar Index Technical Analysis: Support confirmed

The US Dollar Index (DXY) played with fire on Tuesday after testing the lower and last support level in the current range. The 100-day Simple Moving Average (SMA) did its part around 104.34, and sent the DXY in a turnaround back up above 104.50. The question will be how long it will last, with the focus shifting to the Q1 US Gross Domestic Product (GDP) second estimate numbers on Thursday and the Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Price Index for April on Friday. 

On the upside, the DXY index needs to reclaim key levels it lost last week: the 55-day Simple Moving Average (SMA), currently at 104.82, and the 105.00 big round level.  Further up, the following levels to consider are 105.12 and 105.52. 

On the downside, the 200-day SMA at 104.42 and the 100-day SMA around 104.34 are the last line of defence. Once that level snaps, an air pocket is placed between 104.30 and 103.00. Should the US Dollar decline persist, the low of March at 102.35 and the low from December at 100.62 are levels to consider.  

US Dollar FAQs

The US Dollar (USD) is the official currency of the United States of America, and the ‘de facto’ currency of a significant number of other countries where it is found in circulation alongside local notes. It is the most heavily traded currency in the world, accounting for over 88% of all global foreign exchange turnover, or an average of $6.6 trillion in transactions per day, according to data from 2022. Following the second world war, the USD took over from the British Pound as the world’s reserve currency. For most of its history, the US Dollar was backed by Gold, until the Bretton Woods Agreement in 1971 when the Gold Standard went away.

The most important single factor impacting on the value of the US Dollar is monetary policy, which is shaped by the Federal Reserve (Fed). The Fed has two mandates: to achieve price stability (control inflation) and foster full employment. Its primary tool to achieve these two goals is by adjusting interest rates. When prices are rising too quickly and inflation is above the Fed’s 2% target, the Fed will raise rates, which helps the USD value. When inflation falls below 2% or the Unemployment Rate is too high, the Fed may lower interest rates, which weighs on the Greenback.

In extreme situations, the Federal Reserve can also print more Dollars and enact quantitative easing (QE). QE is the process by which the Fed substantially increases the flow of credit in a stuck financial system. It is a non-standard policy measure used when credit has dried up because banks will not lend to each other (out of the fear of counterparty default). It is a last resort when simply lowering interest rates is unlikely to achieve the necessary result. It was the Fed’s weapon of choice to combat the credit crunch that occurred during the Great Financial Crisis in 2008. It involves the Fed printing more Dollars and using them to buy US government bonds predominantly from financial institutions. QE usually leads to a weaker US Dollar.

Quantitative tightening (QT) is the reverse process whereby the Federal Reserve stops buying bonds from financial institutions and does not reinvest the principal from the bonds it holds maturing in new purchases. It is usually positive for the US Dollar.

 

Disclaimer: For information purposes only. Past performance is not indicative of future results.
placeholder
Copper Long-term forecast: Will Copper Price Expected To Soar In 2023?The price of copper is affected by various of factors. You may wonder how the price of cooper will be in 2023, check out our forecast analysis.
Author  Mitrade
The price of copper is affected by various of factors. You may wonder how the price of cooper will be in 2023, check out our forecast analysis.
placeholder
Understanding the first crypto market crash of 2024 and what to expect nextThe 365-day MVRV ratio suggests that this crash may be just the beginning. If the ETF is rejected before the second quarter of 2024, it could trigger a sharp correction.
Author  FXStreet
The 365-day MVRV ratio suggests that this crash may be just the beginning. If the ETF is rejected before the second quarter of 2024, it could trigger a sharp correction.
placeholder
Japanese Yen stands tall near one-month top against USD on hawkish BoJ talksThe Japanese Yen (JPY) rallied to the highest level since early February against its American counterpart on Friday amid bets for an imminent shift in the Bank of Japan's (BoJ) policy stance.
Author  FXStreet
The Japanese Yen (JPY) rallied to the highest level since early February against its American counterpart on Friday amid bets for an imminent shift in the Bank of Japan's (BoJ) policy stance.
placeholder
Natural Gas faces upside pressure as European traders prepare for next heating seasonNatural Gas (XNG/USD) prices are holding ground above $2.00 on Friday after a brief dip earlier this week. Gas prices are quickly recovering as mainland Europe is gearing up for the next heating season, with traders starting to negotiate contracts in
Author  FXStreet
Natural Gas (XNG/USD) prices are holding ground above $2.00 on Friday after a brief dip earlier this week. Gas prices are quickly recovering as mainland Europe is gearing up for the next heating season, with traders starting to negotiate contracts in
placeholder
Solana Empty Glasses: BEER Coin Fizzles 70% In Alleged Rug PullThe Solana blockchain has revealed a sobering story, adding to the turbulence in the bubbly world of memecoins, such as BEER. The coin rose to prominence in recent weeks, experienced a dramatic price
Author  NewsBTC
The Solana blockchain has revealed a sobering story, adding to the turbulence in the bubbly world of memecoins, such as BEER. The coin rose to prominence in recent weeks, experienced a dramatic price
goTop
quote